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  1. Hello everyone. I understand most of the code for the fuel calculator in chapter 3 Exercise 9. It is designed to calculate fuel costs and time taken for journey. This is based upon the Distance, the Cost per gallon and the fuel efficiency which are entered before the form is submitted. , It is only one page and most of the code is straightforward. However I haven't yet worked out why the $_POST[name] is not equivalent to 'gallon_price' after the form is submitted, since this is the default value as defined in the function create_radio and no value for the $name is declared anywhere else. If someone could explain what $_POST[$name] equals BEFORE the form is submitted and AFTER the form is submitted and WHY, this would be great. Thank you <?php # Script 3.9 - calculator.php #4 // This function creates a radio button. // The function takes two arguments: the value and the name. // The function also makes the button "sticky". function create_radio($value, $name = 'gallon_price') { // Start the element: echo '<input type="radio" name="' . $name .'" value="' . $value . '"'; // Check for stickiness: if (isset($_POST[$name]) && ($_POST[$name] == $value)) { echo ' checked="checked"'; } // Complete the element: echo " /> $value "; } // End of create_radio() function. $page_title = 'Trip Cost Calculator'; include ('../includes/header.html'); // Check for form submission: if ($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'POST') { // Minimal form validation: if (isset($_POST['distance'], $_POST['gallon_price'], $_POST['efficiency']) && is_numeric($_POST['distance']) && is_numeric($_POST['gallon_price']) && is_numeric($_POST['efficiency']) ) { // Calculate the results: $gallons = $_POST['distance'] / $_POST['efficiency']; $dollars = $gallons * $_POST['gallon_price']; $hours = $_POST['distance']/65; // Print the results: echo '<h1>Total Estimated Cost</h1> <p>The total cost of driving ' . $_POST['distance'] . ' miles, averaging ' . $_POST['efficiency'] . ' miles per gallon, and paying an average of $' . $_POST['gallon_price'] . ' per gallon, is $' . number_format ($dollars, 2) . '. If you drive at an average of 65 miles per hour, the trip will take approximately ' . number_format($hours, 2) . ' hours.</p>'; } else { // Invalid submitted values. echo '<h1>Error!</h1> <p class="error">Please enter a valid distance, price per gallon, and fuel efficiency.</p>'; } } // End of main submission IF. // Leave the PHP section and create the HTML form: ?> <h1>Trip Cost Calculator</h1> <form action="calculator.php" method="post"> <p>Distance (in miles): <input type="text" name="distance" value="<?php if (isset($_POST['distance'])) echo $_POST['distance']; ?>" /></p> <p>Ave. Price Per Gallon: <span class="input"> <?php create_radio('3.00'); create_radio('3.50'); create_radio('4.00'); ?> </span></p> <p>Fuel Efficiency: <select name="efficiency"> <option value="10"<?php if (isset($_POST['efficiency']) && ($_POST['efficiency'] == '10')) echo ' selected="selected"'; ?>>Terrible</option> <option value="20"<?php if (isset($_POST['efficiency']) && ($_POST['efficiency'] == '20')) echo ' selected="selected"'; ?>>Decent</option> <option value="30"<?php if (isset($_POST['efficiency']) && ($_POST['efficiency'] == '30')) echo ' selected="selected"'; ?>>Very Good</option> <option value="50"<?php if (isset($_POST['efficiency']) && ($_POST['efficiency'] == '50')) echo ' selected="selected"'; ?>>Outstanding</option> </select></p> <p><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Calculate!" /></p> </form> <?php include ('../includes/footer.html'); ?>
  2. Hi, Obviously I'm new here, and fairly new to PHP - so far this book has been very helpful and usually easy to follow. I got the 3rd edition from the library and got through Chapter 10 before ordering the 4th edition when it came out. So now I'm just skimming back through the early chapters to see what's different. The calculator script is quite different, and I was wondering about the method of checking if the form has been submitted. The earlier version used a hidden form input and checked if the value was set, the new one checks if $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] is POST. What's the difference? Is that better or more secure? Does the hidden form input being visible in the HTML source have anything to do with it? BTW, I like your way of showing the tags in blocks. On a couple art websites I'm a member of it's often difficult to tell how tags are going to show up until the piece is posted - and that's important if you're trying to sell something!
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