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Chap 06 - Using A Variable Out Of Scope

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Hello Larry,


First of all, I'm very glad I got your book. I'm re-learning PHP from scratch and I wished I had a book like yours in the early 2000s  ;)


In chapter 6, handle_reg.php, I'm a bit troubled by the variable $age

$age should only exist within "if ($_POST['year'] < 2016) {...}"

// Validate the year:
   if (is_numeric($_POST['year']) AND (strlen($_POST['year']) == 4))
     // Check that they were born before 2016
     if ($_POST['year'] < 2016)
       $age = 2016 - $_POST['year']; // Calculate age this year
       print '<p class="error">Either you entered your birth year wrong or you come from the future';
       $okay = false;

But still, you can call it like a global variable at the bottom of the page:

   // If there were no errors, print a success message:
   if ($okay)
     print '<p>You have been successfully registered (but not really).</p>';
     print "<p>You will turn $age this year.<p>";
     print "<p>Your favorite color is a $color_type color.<p>";

In another programming language, I would have defined it as a global variable at the top, then update it later on. Is it a common thing in PHP?


Thanks a lot for your time.



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Thanks for the nice words! As for your question, the short answer is probably that PHP doesn't have variable scope similar to whatever languages you've learned before. More specifically, PHP doesn't have block-level scope, so the $age defined up above in the script is effectively global. (It's not actually global in the true sense b/c it wouldn't be available inside of a function, but it exists throughout the script otherwise.)

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